Social Effects of Global Warming
Global warming has been a subject of debate for the past recent years. The international community is trying hard to find ways to reduce global warming. It has a lot of negative consequences. The climate has become worse and unpredictable. Excess production of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide through human activities has led to this. The world has become hotter than the previous years. The number of cold and hot days has decreased. This has a lot of negative social impacts to the universe.
When the climate changes, food security is threatened. Food which is the most basic need every community has adverse effects when threatened. There have been long periods of droughts especially in places like Africa. This has led to the increased number of malnourished children in these places. Drought reduces production of varieties and overall consumption. There are projected risks of increase in diarrheal diseases and malnutrition especially in low income population due to the effects of global warming.
Weather disasters and floods have become unpredictable and more common destroying human agriculture, forests and infrastructure. Major storms and flood have occurred in the last two decades. The number of people dying from these disasters has increased drastically. In countries like China and Philippines whenever there are floods a lot of lives are lost
In places like the Sub Saharan Africa, transmission, distribution and intensity of diseases like malaria are controlled by the climate. This has led to a great deal of negative effects to the Sub Saharan community. Diseases transmitted by rodents have been on the increase due to floods which bring human-rodent contact. Childhood mortality in Sub Saharan Africa has remained high due to diarrhea. There were increased episodes of diarrhea in adults and children in Peru as a result of higher temperatures.
Migration and conflicts will increase as global warming increases. Communities in dry areas will look for better places, while people from the coasts will move further inland as the water sea levels rise up. This will in turn bring inter-community conflicts. In developing countries migration will be from rural areas to towns and cities. This will affect Low income countries in Africa and Asia. When this conflict increases to a higher level it may spark political or even military conflict.
In the near future if this problem is not addressed and dealt with properly it may destroy human population. Extreme weather changes and unpredictable weather patterns are a threat to human existence. Human activities which produce carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide should be reduced.